The Case of IFRS in Chilean Smes: Opinions Based on a Seemingly Underused International Standard

No Thumbnail Available
Date
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC/SP
Abstract
Description
Many of the countries in the world adopted IFRS in its Full version, thinking of stock exchanges and listed companies. However, the harmonization of IFRS for SMEs has not been as successful as a global norm. In Chile, the process has been different from full standards, and there are various ideas that lead to the conclusion that convergence is not successful. In this article, we review different elements that show why the SME sector and these simplified IFRS have limitations for their adoption. This paper is the type of essay, therefore, the method is based on the review of the literature and the reasoned analysis of the things related to the subject. Among the conclusions, we commented on several limitations observed in the Chilean reality, such as the fiscal system, the regulatory disincentives and the lack of interest of SMEs to prepare reports for stakeholders, such as owners or banks. 
Many of the countries in the world adopted IFRS in its Full version, thinking of stock exchanges and listed companies. However, the harmonization of IFRS for SMEs has not been as successful as a global norm. In Chile, the process has been different from full standards, and there are various ideas that lead to the conclusion that convergence is not successful. In this article, we review different elements that show why the SME sector and these simplified IFRS have limitations for their adoption. This paper is the type of essay, therefore, the method is based on the review of the literature and the reasoned analysis of the things related to the subject. Among the conclusions, we commented on several limitations observed in the Chilean reality, such as the fiscal system, the regulatory disincentives and the lack of interest of SMEs to prepare reports for stakeholders, such as owners or banks.
Gran parte de los países del mundo adoptaron IFRS en su versión Full, pensando en los mercados y en las empresas cotizadas. Sin embargo, la armonización de las NIIF para las pymes no ha tenido el mismo éxito como norma global. En Chile el proceso ha sido diferente a las normas plenas, y existen diversas ideas que llevan a pensar que no está siendo exitosa la convergencia. En este artículo, repasamos diferentes elementos que nos ilustran de porque el sector pyme y estas NIIF simplificadas presenta inconvenientes para su adopción. Este artículo es del tipo ensayo, por tanto, la metodología se basó en la revisión de literatura y el análisis razonado de las informaciones relacionadas al asunto. Entre las conclusiones, comentamos diversas limitaciones observadas en la realidad chilena, como el sistema fiscal, los desincentivos normativos y la falta de interés de las pymes por elaborar reportes contables para grupos de interés, como propietarios o la banca.
Keywords
Citation
Collections